Media The magic lantern, also known by its Latin name lanterna magica, is an early type of image projector employing pictures painted, printed or produced on transparent plates usually made of glass , one or more lenses, and a light source. It was mostly developed in the 17th century and commonly used for entertainment purposes. It was increasingly applied to educational purposes during the 19th century. Since the late 19th century smaller versions were also mass-produced as a toy for children. Apparatus The magic lantern used a concave mirror in back of a light source to direct as much of the light as possible through a small rectangular sheet of glass—a “lantern slide”—on which was the image to be projected, and onward into a lens at the front of the apparatus. The lens was adjusted to optimally focus the plane of the slide at the distance of the projection screen, which could be simply a white wall, and it therefore formed an enlarged image of the slide on the screen. From Magic Lantern to Sound. Bailey Brothers and Swinfen Ltd.
Beginner’s Guide to Getting Started with Magic Lantern (Safely)
Retro Educational Technology Vintage education technology. Visitors get to visit the museum. Have retired film strips, educ’l records, or whatever? We might give them a home.
Also in , someone at Briggs’ company wrote a 6-PAGE SCRIPT for the use of lantern showmen who bought the slide set. Over the years many different “editions” of this image set were produced, reflecting the range of magic lantern entertainments.
History[ edit ] There probably existed quite a few other types of projectors than the examples described below, but evidence is scarce and reports are often unclear about their nature. Spectators not always provided the details needed to differentiate between for instance a shadow play and a lantern projection. Many did not understand the nature of what they had seen and few had ever seen other comparable media. Projections were often presented or perceived as magic or even as religious experiences, with most projectionists unwilling to share their secrets.
Joseph Needham sums up some possible projection examples from China in his book series Science and Civilization in China  Prehistory to CE[ edit ] Main article: Shadow play usually does not involve a projection device, but can be seen as a first step in the development of projectors. Camera obscura[ edit ] Principle of camera obscura: Camera obscura Latin for “dark room” is the natural optical phenomenon that occurs when an image of a scene at the other side of a screen or for instance a wall is projected through a small hole in that screen to form an inverted image left to right and upside down on a surface opposite to the opening.
The oldest known record of this principle is a description by Han Chinese philosopher Mozi ca. Mozi correctly asserted that the camera obscura image is inverted because light travels in straight lines from its source. In the 11th century Arab physicist Ibn al-Haytham Alhazen described experiments with light through a small opening in a darkened room and realized that a smaller hole provided a sharper image. The use of a lens in the opening of a wall or closed window shutter of a darkened room has been traced back to circa The shared history of camera and projector basically split with the introduction of the magic lantern in the later half of the 17th century.
The camera obscura device would mostly live on as a drawing aid in the form of tents and boxes and was adapted into the photographic camera in the first decades of the 19th century.
They have been produced in many sizes and formats, including round, to fit lanterns of different sizes and styles. We will add pages to this section as time permits to show more of the kinds of slides in our collection. We have a selection of lantern slides of 19th century children’s subjects like the Christmas slide below.
A projector or image projector is an optical device that projects an image (or moving images) onto a surface, commonly a projection projectors create an image by shining a light through a small transparent lens, but some newer types of projectors can project the image directly, by using lasers.
This special weekend will include exclusive front and back stage tours of these incredible historic collections, along with the opportunity to make your own wax moulage and draw 18th century wax models removed from their cases. It will also include illustrated lectures by Eduard Winter of the Narrenturm, conservator Martina Peters of the Josephinum, medical illustrator Marie Dauhiemer , wax artist Eleanor Crook , and Morbid Anatomy’s Joanna Ebenstein , all touching on the intersections of art and medicine, death and culture.
Waxworks at the Josephinum: Attendees will learn about human anatomy with the help of the historic waxworks. They will also see the extensive collection of pathological obstetric wax models learn about the history and origin of the collections and museum. Workshop In this workshop, Martina Peters, conservator at the Josephinum, will guide students in drawing wax anatomical models from the collection.
Two original 18th century models will be removed from their historic glass cases to allow for a more detailed study. The participants will hereby have the opportunity to explore human anatomy in the classical 18th century manner. All material–including sketch blocks, pencils HB, 2B and 6B , erasers and sharpeners as well as easels–will be provided.
I meet a fine Lady, too late in my life Can play an ugly part To entice and excite my loins Dr. Beh is going away bbbb Ne’er to lie another day was just a bore and a whore music is healing nothing but a big fat snore purple adult spots dance across the ceiling The tip of my tounge is not sharp, But it is split into to two. Or is this world much too sublime? I am no longer in my prime, Just like a soda and lime I’m never going to take a leak again chocolate because my eye is gouged with a pen fanny pack wet drink fifty times longer than she was corduroy rumbledethumbs who in the world do you think?
Dont you love our humanities class? Wont you just miss this humanities class?
The magic lantern used a concave mirror in back of a light source to direct as much of the light as possible through a small rectangular sheet of glass—a “lantern slide”—on which was the image to be projected, and onward into a lens at the front of the apparatus.
Next, imagine a family gathered around a screen, transfixed by an image. This family is enjoying an evening of magic lantern entertainment. Magic lanterns were early slide projectors that could be found in many Victorian homes. They played a similar role to that of televisions today, providing entertainment, information and education through images.
Public magic lantern shows were also a popular Victorian pastime, and are considered to be a precursor to modern cinema. From the most basic to the most complex, all magic lanterns utilize: According to Jack Judson, founder and president of the Magic Lantern Castle Museum in San Antonio, Texas, the history of magic lanterns in use spans years, beginning in the 17th century and lasting into the 20th century.
Many individuals were working on similar projects at once, and no one can say for certain who invented the magic lantern.
Best images of your Magic Lantern slides
Some of his early portraits show the sitters grouped in a landscape Mr. As he became famous and his sitters fashionable, he adopted a more formal manner that owed something to Anthony Van Dyck The Blue Boy, c. His landscapes are of idyllic scenes. During his last years he also painted seascapes and idealized full-size pictures of rustics and country children.
Created as a set of 24 slides based on Sir John Tenniel’s original illustrations for the Lewis Carroll classic but altered to avoid copyright conflicts, these gems were meant for viewing on a magic lantern, or Laterna Magica — a primitive projector dating back to the 17th century, consisting of a concave mirror in front of a light source.
YMMV “This is the guy who used to be able to turn solid stone into lava just by thinking hard at it. The 60’s most powerful superhuman! And all he’s fit for now is soaking up whiskey like blotting paper and burning the toast! They were wealthy and powerful, sycophants hung on their every word, and it seemed like the world was their oyster. Then they fell, hard. Now their empire has crumbled, their money is gone, and they are scorned by the people who once admired them; there’s nothing left for them to do but long for the Glory Days.
Other characters may shake their heads in pity and comment, “How the mighty have fallen”. Someone powerful and prideful who suffers a Humiliation Conga or Break the Haughty can have this fate waiting for them at the end. However, it can just as easily happen offscreen, or to someone who wasn’t excessively prideful.
After measuring the I-V curve from 0 to ma and ploting in Excel shows the first few points coming up from zero to be off the straight line you get afterwards, so eliminating them and plotting from to ma gives this straight line: Testing a PR4 lamp rated 2. When the voltage gets to 3. Although given for currents close to the rated current these relationships give a feel for how incandescent lamps work.
Heroes and Villains – A little light reading. Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many.
From left to right: Elfo , Bean , and Luci. Disenchantment is an animated fantasy – dramedy series created by Matt Groening , the same man who created the popular cartoon shows The Simpsons and Futurama. It is streamed exclusively on Netflix. The show follows the magical misadventures of Bean, an alcoholic, rebellious young princess from the medieval kingdom of Dreamland.
Tired of being bossed around by her controlling father King Zog, she tries to go her own different way in life. She soon befriends a couple of strange companions:
GLASS MAGIC LANTERN Slide IONA CATHEDRAL DATED AUGUST NO2 PHOTO SCOTLAND
Keychain Puzzles any novelty keychain fobs and charms are available and can be considered collectible – one can find scores of different designs, both modern and some decades old. Among them are a variety of keychain puzzles or key chain puzzles – the subject of this section. Keychain puzzles include interlocking, twisty, sliding piece, dexterity, and other types.
Founded years ago, the National Library of Medicine is the world’s largest medical library, with more than 17 million items dating from the 11th century to the present in its holdings.
Chinese alcoholic rice wine containers. Alcoholic beverage and the process of fermentation: The earliest archaeological evidence of fermentation and the consumption of alcoholic beverages was discovered in neolithic China dating from — BC. Examination and analysis of ancient pottery jars from the neolithic village of Jiahu in Henan province in northern China revealed fermented residue left behind by the alcoholic beverages they once contained.
According to a study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , chemical analysis of the residue revealed that the fermented drink was made from fruit, rice and honey. The use of bamboo in Neolithic China is well established as the Chinese were among the first civilizations to employ the use of bamboo. Chinese poets extolled this plant and Chinese painters cherished the plant’s beauty and grace through paintings across various Chinese dynasties.
Clapper-bells made of pottery have been found in several archaeological sites. With the emergence of other kinds of bells during the Shang Dynasty c. The earliest evidence of wooden coffin remains, dated at BC, was found in the Tomb 4 at Beishouling, Shaanxi. Clear evidence of a wooden coffin in the form of a rectangular shape was found in Tomb in an early Banpo site.
The Banpo coffin belongs to a four-year-old girl, measuring 1.
Rob’s Puzzle Page
The records cover subjects like mail sorting machinery, the development of postcodes, and all kinds of technical details — some of them slightly odd. Here are some of my favourites. The aim was to improve sorting office machinery ergonomics by finding out the average size of a British postman. The heights, arm lengths, and outside and inside leg measurements of thousands of postmen were collected and studied — there were , measurements for the legs!
Getting all those postmen to proffer their legs for the engineer would have been an impossible and traumatic challenge. The drawings — over in total — cover all aspects of automated mail sorting and circulation:
Chromatrope slides (5). for Magic Lantern, glass / wood, wheel operated, Carpenter & Westley, London, England, Made by Carpenter & Westley in London, England, Five round chromatrope glass slides each mounted in a wooden frame and held in place by metal pins.
Lots catalogued without circa dates are not guaranteed as to age. Requests for refunds in regard to authenticity must be received within 28 days after the sale end. The request must include at least one supporting written and signed statement from an authority recognized by Locati, LLC. Your timeliness and type of payment directly affect the time allowed for a refund transaction. Absolutely no refunds will be made after 28 days of the sale date.
Do not return any item until a refund authorization has been obtained from Locati, LLC. Once a refund is approved and the complete lot is returned to the satisfaction of the auctioneer, a full refund of the hammer price and buyer’s premium will be issued we do not refund shipping cost. We do not offer partial refunds.
Fond memories, a passion for Italy, and honor to our ancestors are what brought about this endeavor. Just a little background: As a child, my mother would bring my sister and myself to visit Grandma and Grandpa Rosati every Saturday. We would catch the 6 AM bus and arrive at their home around 8 AM. My dad was a milkman and would come to pick us up after he got off work.
My grandmother would constantly tease him, speaking in Italian — he never understood what she was saying but he always came back with some made up words of his own which nobody understood and we laughed till we cried.
For those interested, on Thursday, October 4, from pm, there will be a presentation of historic lantern slides of New York bird images, taken by early major 20th century pioneers of ornithology like Arthur Allen of Cornell, and significant but lesser known figures like Verdi Burtch of Branchport, NY and Guy Bailey of Geneseo Normal.
Apparatus[ edit ] A page of Willem ‘s Gravesande ‘s book Physices Elementa Mathematica with Jan van Musschenbroek’s magic lantern projecting a monster. The depicted lantern is one of the oldest known to be preserved and is in the collection of Museum Boerhaave , Leiden The magic lantern used a concave mirror in back of a light source to direct as much of the light as possible through a small rectangular sheet of glass—a “lantern slide”—on which was the image to be projected, and onward into a lens at the front of the apparatus.
The lens was adjusted to optimally focus the plane of the slide at the distance of the projection screen, which could be simply a white wall, and it therefore formed an enlarged image of the slide on the screen. Slides[ edit ] Originally the pictures were hand painted on glass slides. Initially figures were rendered with black paint but soon transparent colors were also used.
Sometimes the painting was done on oiled paper. Usually black paint was used as a background to block superfluous light, so the figures could be projected without distracting borders or frames. Many slides were finished with a layer of transparent lacquer, but in a later period cover glasses were also used to protect the painted layer. After the manufacturing of hand colored printed slides started, often making use of decalcomania transfers.